Catastrophe (part six)

Pastel drawing of Martiniquaise feeling fearful and resigned

Jean Hess

La Catastrophe de la Martinique

(part six)















At Fort-de-France
Ashes and Terrors
Black Fears. White Fears. Blue Fears.



Zulima has not lied. She has barely exaggerated. Fort-de-France is sad. The city seems to go forth from a bad dream. It lies in the ashes. It stinks of volcanism. The ashes cover everything. They are on the roofs, on the soil, in the air, in the trees, in the water of the mountain streams, in the water that we drink, in the bread that we eat, everywhere.

At the hotel I could not bathe, the water ran black in the basin, mud. All the cooking has a taste of ashes—on all the furniture, on the beds, in the drapes, it is ashes and forever ashes.

They showed me the pebbles that fell from the cloud, three days past; they are fat as a thumb, like pigeons’ eggs.

Ashes and pebbles…now I can explain to myself the terror of the people seen at Guadeloupe. And explain the terror of the people who stay, with whom I live.

They habituate themselves to the volcano, to the trembling of the earth. I have been told by a friend that in this neighborhood of constant threat, they have acquired a new and particular temperament…

I believe it.

But I believe it needs time, and also I believe the volcano must extinguish itself, that the earth no longer quake.

At present, the volcano of Mt. Pelée has not gone out, the smoke it spits can be seen at all times from Fort-de-France; we are always menaced, the silhouette blocks the sky… We can ask ourselves at any hour if the death the smoke portends, in its magnificent billowings, will not soon fall on us.

And the earth under our feet no longer feels solid. It has not quaked, but it shivers. This shivering agitates, unnerves, worries. And knowing that, on the last night of Saint-Pierre, there had been similar shiverings, we are frightened…

Is it well to be terrified…well to go in fear…?

Our breathing is bad, there is an oppression, hot and full of electricity…we suffer this in the hair. And there is the physical fear of being drowned in something that can’t be seen, can’t be understood, only felt… It is the fear of the body whose vital forces all bristle in revolt against a deadly threat that lowers upon them, penetrates them…

And it is something that defies analysis, for in the heavy body the spirit becomes heavy. The head is heavy, the chest is heavy, the limbs are heavy. The nerves are weighed upon, and when, to the shocks of this mysterious force, that grinds out its gleams in the night, these vibrate painfully, heavily, it is a crushing anguish…








The man who thinks, the man who reasons the futility of fighting against these invisible forces, the man who knows the wise thing is to resign himself and wait for the inevitable…he resigns himself, and sleeps.

But I understand these crowds of animality closer to our origins; these crowds who shudder, who tremble, who have fear…a blind, deaf, mad fear…and who flee, and weep, and cry out. In the African savannas, in the months of fiery sun, when the grass burns, I have seen beasts escape with this same bellowing, roaring their fear.

The evening of the 26th I saw, and heard, this fear in Fort-de-France. I had passed the day in Saint-Pierre; I had seen the lava flows in the Rivière des Pères, seen the Roxelane smoking. I had seen the mountain covered in fumes, the crater active. I had felt the earth shake. My nerves were vibrating with the tension of the atmosphere. I returned to Fort-de-France at night waiting for an eruption more powerful, more violent, and for what we would see of the city.

At nine o’clock, “it was there”. The night became black. An enormous cloud…black, opaque, black, black…advancing rapidly, in rolling billows that could be seen bounding, parti-colored, for they had, with their black, reflections of a deep red, and lightning that shot gleam after gleam, making the brooding menace show itself blacker.

This lightning flashed in the night like bombs, a burst pimple of sooty red, bristling with long red jets, reflecting the yellow of a smelting pot, threaded through with gold. Others had the form of a paste, as of red ink feathering; there were also in this blackness, thin, long slits, like immense sabre cuts in the cloud, vibrating at instants with red and yellow, that barely seen, mutated into great, quivering waves of luminous blue, retreating into the black as quickly as they had risen.

And this was of an unspeakable beauty…

And it could be death, death to come, for everyone, all who lived in Fort-de-France…

A cloud like that, a cloud that from the crater’s mouth had flowed heavy on the valleys of Saint-Pierre, had killed forty thousand beings; this that rolled on our heads some hundreds of meters off, was lighter, no doubt, unable to fall…but who knew it!

Many thoughtful persons have said to me, and I think so myself, that this cloud so black was of the same nature as that destructive whirlwind of the 8th, the whirlwind of heavy gas, projected with force by the volcano. That this was carried by a current of air, formed in answer to a zone of atmospheric heat, and that at the end of its trajectory, at the end of the current, the cloud had to fall, asphyxiating and burning.

In agony can be exquisite pleasures. I believe all men have that passion for the unknown, that attraction to the mysterious gulf, where at the toss, it is “heads or tails”, a fortune wagered at a stroke. Or even a louis, as it rolls at last on the carpet…the blood starts in the veins, the arteries, the heart… It is a delightful anguish, a piercing indulgence, waiting with bated breath for the moment to follow…

It was here, under the cloud of Fort-de-France.






La Catastrophe de la Martinique

Public domain photo of candles for Martinique deadSee Catastrophe page
La Catastrophe de la Martinique: seven














(1902, Jean Hess, La Castastrophe de la Martinique; 2018, translation, Stephanie Foster)




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